Thai is spoken or understood by 75 million people, making it a significant Asian language. It enjoys a well developed media, including translated work, dubbed movies, television, radio, music, books, instruction manuals, software and children’s’ material.
The language is part of the Thai-Kadai family, which covers languages spoken in a large swathe of central Southeast Asia, including the northern reaches of Myanmar (Burma), Laos and Vietnam, and parts of southern China. However, today, only Lao is at all similar; the mother tongue for most Thais living in the northeast, Isaan region. Within Thailand there are four recognised dialects: Northern, Northeast, Central and Southern; but, as a result of the Ayuthaya domination in the 18th century, the Central dialect became widely used and is now taught in schools and used on television. Mostly, there are vocabulary or pronunciation differences between the dialects.
The main characteristic of Thai language is its use of tones, which turn an otherwise small group of sounds into a large vocabulary. This can be the most challenging aspect for a foreign learner, but it isn’t dissimilar to the use of syllable emphasis in English – you simply have to get used to each different sound. On the other hand, its simplified grammar and basic word use make it easier to get started.
Thai language also uses its own unique characters, with no spacing between words, making it difficult to read. But taking the time to memorise the characters greatly helps to decipher critical signs and open up the reading aspect of your learning. Although most Thais in tourist areas speak basic English, they greatly admire and appreciate those who’ve taken the trouble to learn even a few basic greetings.
Despite the tongue Thai’d tonal complications, Thai actually isn’t that difficult to learn, as the grammar and sentence structure is much more simplified than English. Here’s a five-minute introduction…more
Tones and sounds
There are five different tones and several unusual sounds in Thai that make it quite different from Latin-based languages. This is a quick introduction to the various tones, vowel sounds and some basic rules to help find the highs and lows of speaking Thai…more
Thai grammar is quite simple, with only a few easy alterations to get used to. We’ve covered the main differences and rules, and with sentence structure much like English it’s easy to get going…more
Stringing together sentences
Learn how to make a quick start with simple phrases and and an easy to follow insight into the various comments, questions and answers that a beginner would need to know when getting by in Thai…more
From ‘how much is this’ to ‘I love you’ and all the common phrases in-between, we’ve provided you with just enough to get by, including a handy travellers’ print-friendly version for quick reference. A mini Thai phrase book at a mouse click…more
Useful books, CDRoms and websites for learning or improving Thai, as well as some recommended courses in Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Phuket and Samui. Find out here where to study, how to learn online, and which books are best…more